The Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) initiated a new epoch in Biblical interpretation. An important series of official documents have redefined the importance of the Bible in the Church. Of particular interest is the insistence of the Church on the unity of the Scriptures the Church calls the Bible – composed of the writings shared with the Jewish people with the those written by the early believers in Jesus. Biblical interpretation in the Church has always implied a relationship with Jews and their reading of the Scriptures Jews and Christians share.

Second Vatican Council, Dei Verbum – Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation (1965)
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Pontifical Biblical Commission
, The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church (1993)
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Pontifical Biblical Commission, The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible (2001)
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Benedict XVI Exhortation, Verbum Domini (2010)
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An important document of the Church of the Holy Land also deals with Biblical interpretation.
It was prepared by the Patriarch of Jerusalem together with the theological commission that advises him
which included, at that time, the Vicar for the Hebrewspeaking Catholic community, Father Jean-Baptiste Gourion.


Patriarch Michel Sabbah, Reading the Bible Today in the Land of the Bible, (1993)
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